what is the premature babies survival rate in the uk
A baby which is born before the completion of the gestation period (before 37 weeks) is called a Premature baby. The world preterm statistics allocator shows that the rate of preterm babies in the UK is high as compared to other European countries. About 60,000 preterm babies delivered each year in the UK which constitutes approximately 8% of the total babies born in the UK.
To ease the assortment of preterm babies for healthcare professionals, WHO categorize preterm babies into the following categories:
- Extremely Preterm: It includes babies born before 28 weeks of gestation period.
- Very Preterm: It includes babies who are born at any time ranges between 28 to 32 weeks of gestation period.
- Moderate Preterm: It includes babies who are born at any time ranges between 32 to 34 weeks of gestation period.
- Late Preterm: It includes babies born between 32 to 37 weeks of gestation period which is considered a suitable time for a healthy delivery.
In this article, our major focus on the babies born either a little earlier or at 24 weeks of gestation period. We will be going to discuss the survival rate of Extreme preterm babies. In the meantime, we will also be going to highlight some complications mostly faced by Extreme Premature babies in their future life.
premature babies survival rate born at 24 weeks
The babies born between 24 to 28 weeks of gestation and are also called Periviable or Micro-preemies. They called so because premature babies born after 24 weeks are considered out of the danger zone and healthcare professionals can strive to resuscitate such babies. The babies born before 24 weeks medically have a very narrow window for the premature babies survival rate as major organs of babies like lungs, heart, brain, etc are not prepared for functioning in the outer world. After 24 weeks, the chances of baby survival jump to 60% while babies born after 27 weeks have a survival rate of 85% in the UK.
In recent years, the NHS department observes a consistent rise in preterm babies’ birth across the UK. Out of 60,000 preterm-born babies, 5% of babies are born before 27 weeks of their gestation period. While 11% of total babies are born after 27 weeks of the gestation period and so on. For most females who already faced abortion or miscarriage, gynaecologists consider 24 weeks a milestone during their pregnancy. As the pregnancy period of such women goes above 24 weeks, the chances of these women conceiving a healthy baby grows. Most gynaecologists even use hormonal therapy to sustain the pregnancy up to 24 weeks so the chances of a premature baby survival increases.
Complications associated with premature babies survival rate born too soon
The gestation period after 24 weeks is important for the baby as the baby’s vital organs grow at an immense rate. The vital organs like the brain, lungs, and heart, not only enlarge in size but also get strength by every passing day and weeks of gestation period. But in the case of preterm babies, babies can’t able to complete their growth in the mother’s womb. As result different short-term complications along with long-term disabilities are seen in preterm babies. Some commonly observed complications are discussed in follows:
- Lungs of preterm babies are underdeveloped and have no alveoli. That is why babies can become a victim of different breathing disorders. That’s why such babies are kept inside the incubator with enough oxygen supply.
- 1 out of 10 preterm babies at the risk of developing permanent disability of lungs, blindness or deafness, etc.
- The most common neurological disorder seen in preterm babies is Cerebral Palsy. Similarly, due to incomplete or restricted brain growth, the thinking and reasoning abilities of such babies affects badly.
- Due to their poor mental health conditions, such babies often show socio-behavioural issues like anxiety, anger, depression, etc.