NICU baby having 24 hour care
nicu baby having 24 nursing care . today we look at the baby in the nicu unit of a maternity unit.And answer your most asked questions about the nicu.
Premature birth is an ongoing global health problem. Although medical technology has advanced rapidly, and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are found in nearly all hospitals, the mortality rate for premature infants remains high. In this blog post, we will explore why a nicu baby would be in special care and suggest how premature parents can increase their child’s chances of survival.
nicu baby born premature
A premature baby is born too early and requires special care in a NICU. Premature birth occurs when a fetus develops outside the uterus before 37 weeks gestational age. Because of this, various functions such as bone development and cognitive abilities cannot be fully developed in time for the child to be born at term (37 weeks). Thus, many premature infants require assistance with breathing.
Other common medical problems associated with prematurity include blood sugar instability, low levels of iron in the bloodstream, respiratory distress syndrome (where fluid leaks out into the lungs), and patent ductus arteriosus (a heart disorder where an artery does not close in the baby after birth).
Most hospitals have some type of special unit devoted only to the care of premature infants. This special section is called a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and its main purpose is to provide around-the-clock medical care for premature babies.
Why Premature Babies Need NICU Care?
nicu baby will spend a few weeks in this type of intensive care for breathing issues associated at being born too soon. There are many reasons why premature babies need special care in the NICU. First and foremost, given that there is not enough time to develop both muscle and organ systems, premature infants often require respiratory support (help breathing). For example, an infant might develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is a condition that causes the small air sacs in the lungs (alveoli) to accumulate fluid and inflame.
Another common problem with a nicu baby and prematurity is low levels of iron in the blood (anaemia), which can cause breathing difficulties as well. Hyperbilirubinemia or jaundice is another condition caused by premature birth; it results when the liver cannot eliminate bilirubin (a product of red blood cells) at a fast enough rate. If untreated, jaundice can cause damage to the brain and eyes.
In addition to these medical problems, premature infants often develop eye infections because of underdeveloped tear ducts that prevent tears from draining properly. Finally, as mentioned above, premature infants often have certain motor development problems as well as cognitive deficits that require special attention in the NICU.
The immediate mortality rate of premature infants in the NICU is approximately 30%, and it decreases to about 15% for infants who survive to leave the hospital. Some studies suggest that children born between 25- and 28-weeks’ gestation have a 96% chance of survival, while a nicu baby born before 24 weeks only have a 20-30% chance of living.
How Long do Babies Stay in the NICU?
The average length of hospitalization for a premature infant is between 8 and 28 weeks, though some stay as long as 4 or more months. In addition, many premature babies require respiratory support at home after they are discharged from the NICU because the necessary lung development often doesn’t occur until later in childhood. Parents may need to buy a home ventilator system to assist with breathing during this time. A nicu baby born at only 22 weeks of pregnancy will stay around 18 weeks.
What Can Parents Do?
Parents can increase their child’s chances of survival at birth by attending antenatal appointments in case anything is identified early on for example high blood pressure left can lead to preeclampsia a danger condition for a heavily pregnant woman. During the last months leading up to the due date, parents are encouraged to learn all they can talk about prematurity so that if an early delivery does, they are ready to face this challenge head-on.
Parents play a key role in their child’s recovery and development in the NICU. By touching and holding their baby as often as possible, they can help stimulate the development of the nervous system and muscles. Parents should also consider enrolling in an early intervention program to teach them how to interact with, care for, and encourage development in their prematurity babies.
Preterm birth is the leading cause of death and long-term disability among infants. Preterm birth can be devastating, but it’s not always a death sentence for children who are born early. Parents can help their prematurity babies survive and thrive with proper medical care.