Incubators are special machines that are designed for babies to provide them with additional medical care that is essential for their proper neonatal growth. Incubators are specifically used for babies that are born with a certain medical condition or born before 37 weeks of pregnancy (preterm babies). Every hospital has a special HDU or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) that possesses incubators for babies. In fact its to provide them with a suitable environment that is essential for their proper growth and development.
incubators for babies born premature at 24 weeks .
seeing the earliest premature baby born at 24 weeks in an incubator isn’t easy. But its for the best outcome of their health that’s the most important. today we look at how incubators for babies are a valuable invention.
How incubators for babies usually work?
An incubator is a self-contained unit about the size of a baby’s cradle either made of glass or clear plastic. Incubators for very early premature babies usually work by providing a controlled environment to the babies so that they can survive while their body organs develop properly.
Incubators provide ideal temperature, surplus oxygen, suitable humidity, and light to the babies during their early phase of development. Incubators are often combined with other equipment to keep the body of a newborn baby intact from different kinds of allergens, pathogens, and pollutants.
To provide an ideal protective environment to the baby, incubators can also be combined with types of equipment like heart rate monitors, ventilators, food, and medicine providing IV lines.
What are the conditions that recommend the use of incubators for babies?
As said earlier, babies who are lacking in their health at the time of birth or in some cases even after the birth are in urgent need to put into an incubator. Like a maternal womb, an incubator nourishes and strengthens the baby, that’s why an incubator is considered an artificial womb. Some of the conditions that recommend incubators for babies are as follows;
Premature birth: Babies that are born before their due time (37 weeks) are called preterm babies. Such babies can’t get enough time to grow completely and have weak vital organs (like heart, liver, lungs), sensitive eyes, and eardrums compared to babies that are born normally. To ensure the survival of such babies, doctors usually recommend incubators for them.
Improper breathing & respiratory infections: Sometimes babies got excessive deposition of sputum inside their lungs that leads to their inability to breathe properly. Similarly, under-developed lungs in premature babies also lead to the same outcomes. Such babies have a weak immune system and are more prone to respiratory infection. Therefore, under such circumstances incubators are recommended that provide the best aid to babies suffering from improper breathing and respiratory infections.
Jaundice baby: Babies that get a higher level of bilirubin in their bodies immediately after birth are called jaundice babies. Incubators with specific radiation lamps are recommended for such babies.
Traumatic delivery & post-surgery intensive care: Sometimes newborn babies get traumatized due to the incidence of sudden and unforeseen abnormalities that turn normal delivery into C-section delivery. Similarly, some babies have to go through the process of surgery due to life-threatening conditions like blue babies. Under such circumstances, it is highly recommended to shift the babies to incubators to ensure their intensive care.
How many types of incubators for babies are available in the UK?
As every premature baby has a different level of maturity compared to others, so different types of incubators are required for different conditions. In the UK, the following five types of incubators are usually used in hospitals across the country.
- Closed box incubators: These incubators for babies are like a bubble and they surround the baby as a whole. They are equipped with holes to maintain fresh airflow and humidity levels to minimize the risk of infections.
- Double-walled incubators: Such incubators are assembled such that no heat or air exchange can take place with the outer environment. These incubators normally consist of two walls and are used for under-weight babies.
- Open-box incubators: These incubators are also known as Armstrong incubators. They are usually used for Jaundice babies because they require a lot of heat. Heat sources are usually placed above the body of the baby to maximize skin contact with light.
- Portable incubators: These incubators for babies are for temporary use as they are used only to move babies from hospital to hospital or hospital to home. They are smaller in size and mostly equipped with lifesaving equipment.
- Servo-control incubators: These are the advanced type of incubators equipped with the latest technology. Programmed software automatically controlling the internal environment of incubators according to data collected through sensors connected to the baby’s body.
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