child hand foot and mouth disease is it contagious in a nursery setting? yes it can spread to all members of a family in fact even to young babies.
Child hand foot and mouth disease
Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a very common medical condition that frequently affects children, particularly those that are below the age of 5. This illness is of viral origin and it also affects adults but its severity in adults is quite low compared to children. Due to its high prevalence in children, this disease is often term as a child hand, foot, and mouth disease. People often confuse this illness with foot and mouth disease that usually affects farm animals.
Both of these are viral infections but they differ from each other in many aspects. Young children that spend most of their time at schools and daycare centres are highly susceptible to this viral infection. This disease causes painful sores in the mouth and throat of an individual and makes the overall swallowing process very difficult.
What are the common causes of this child hand foot and mouth disease?
Coxsackievirus-mediated infection is the major cause of a child hand, foot, and mouth disease. How this virus gets into the body of an individual is also very important to consider. This disease is highly contagious; therefore, it can spread rapidly from person to person when an individual comes in contact with infected person’s throat discharge, respiratory droplets, saliva, nasal secretions, and fluid from blisters.
What are the common signs and symptoms of hand foot and mouth disease?
The incubation period of the virus that causes this disease is around three to six days. Therefore, typical signs such as a sore throat and a high fever usually appear after three to four days of getting an infection. After one to two days of having a fever, painful sores and rashes start to develop in the mouth and other extremities of the body. Besides these other typical symptoms include irritability, loss of appetite, feeling of unwellness, the appearance of blister-like lesions, and red rashes on different body parts.
How to stop the spreading of this highly contagious disease?
A child hand foot and mouth disease is a highly contagious disease that can easily spread to and infect healthy individuals. Therefore, it is of prime importance to look into ways how to prevent the spread of this disease. For this purpose, NHS has put forward some important recommendations that significantly help in reducing the risk of spreading this disease.
Some of these recommendations are listed below:
- Frequently wash your hands with water and soap.
- Always use tissue whenever you cough or sneeze.
- Never share your towel and other household items with an infected individual.
- Always give your soiled bedding and clothing a hot wash.
- Keep your children off school when they feel unwell and show any signs and symptoms of the disease.
common treatment strategies treating a child hand foot and mouth disease?
The use of antibiotics is not recommended for the treatment of diseases that are of viral origin. Therefore, you cannot take antibiotics to cure the child hand, foot, and mouth disease. Symptomatic treatment is the only treatment strategy that you can employ for the treatment of this disease.
Symptoms of this disease usually get better on their own after a week of getting the infection. However, it is highly recommended that one should drink a sufficient quantity of fluids and take soft foodstuffs throughout infection. In case of fever, you can take medicines like paracetamol or ibuprofen that significantly help you in reducing the fever. Depending on the severity of symptoms, you can also use different mouth ulcer gels, mouthwashes, sprays, and pain killers that ease the pain and reduce the severity of symptoms.