premature baby born at 33 weeks
Premature baby born at 33 weeks of pregnancy
There are various causes of babies born prematurely, from infections during pregnancy to unhealthy lifestyles by pregnant women. To prevent and be aware of it, you need to know what causes premature babies.
premature babies, especially those born at 33 weeks, often don't have that same complicated medical problems compared to a baby born at 24 weeks pregnant. Premature birth is still the leading cause of nervous system disorders and infant mortality worldwide. Complications from premature birth generally vary. The higher the risk of complications when a baby is born earlier. The risk of preterm birth can increase due to various conditions. However, this risk can be minimized with proper pregnancy preparation and care.
When a baby is considered premature?
We all know that a premature baby is one that is born earlier than expected. Although it is sometimes difficult to pin down exactly when that happens. In that case, nothing better than dealing with the weeks of gestation to be specific and to differentiate a premature baby from that born in the expected times.
Symptoms of premature birth
The baby with premature birth may have more obvious complications or may have very mild symptoms.
Here are some signs of premature birth:
With a disproportionately large head has a small size
Slimmer appearance with less rounded features than a full-term baby, due to a lack of fat stores
Fine hair almost all over the body
Fatigued breathing or shortness of breath
Lack of reflexes to suck and swallow, causing difficulty feeding
What are the issues that can keep a baby in hospital born at 33 weeks
When a premature baby born at 33 weeks enters the world you may be totally surprised if he or she doesn't need any breathing assistance. The most common care needs for the age group is feeding growing and maintaining their own body temperature outside of an incubator. On occasions babies can develop jaundice too which can lengthen their stay whilst they have treatment. you deliver a premature baby, your baby will likely need a longer hospital stay in a special new-born unit at the hospital. Depending on how much care your baby needs, he or she will be admitted to an intermediate care nursery or a neonatal intensive care unit. Doctors and a team specialized and trained in the care of premature babies will be available to help with the care of your baby.
Your baby may need extra help feeding and adjusting right after delivery. Your healthcare team can provide you with information on what is needed and what the care plan will be for your baby. Your baby may need a feeding tube because the sucking reflex will not be fully established just yet.
In Premature Babies Risk of Respiratory Problems
A premature baby may have trouble breathing as he has an immature respiratory system. If the baby's lungs are lacking a surfactant (a substance that allows them to expand into the lungs), he or she may have respiratory distress syndrome as the lungs cannot expand and contract normally.
Premature babies can also have a lung disorder called "bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Also, some premature babies may experience long pauses in breathing.
Vascular Problems in Premature Babies
The blood vessels near the heart of a normal baby close shortly after birth. In certain cases, the blood vessels of the premature baby may remain open. This condition is called persistent ductus arteriosus.
Medicines will be used as the first attempt to close the heart valves. If this method is not effective, surgery is needed to handle it.
Immune System problems of Premature Babies
An immune system that is not fully developed, which is common in premature babies, can lead to an increased risk of infection. In a premature baby, an infection can spread rapidly into the bloodstream and lead to septicemia, an infection that spreads to the bloodstream.
The most common heart problems premature babies have are patent ductus arteriosus and low blood pressure. The patent ductus arteriosus is a constant opening between the aorta and the pulmonary artery.
While this heart defect often closes on its own, if left untreated it can lead to a heart murmur, heart failure, and other complications. Low blood pressure may need adjustments in IV fluids, medications, and sometimes blood transfusions.
In general, babies born at 33 weeks of age or more can be fed regular breast milk or formula some babies may have feeding and growing issues before they can go home. From 37 weeks of age onwards, a developing baby is considered to be old enough to be born and does not require much medical attention.
So, those are some of the risks faced by premature babies born at eight months of pregnancy. Make sure you always consult a doctor to monitor your little one's growth and development.