baby milestones and premature babies delays
baby milestones for babies 0-12 months plus prematurity delays for premature babies. what are baby milestones ?. Babies at birth can do remarkable things but these are known as reflexes. The doctor checks the baby over examining all the reflexes such as sucking, startled, walking, stepping up. After a while, these disappear as if you left a child alone he would not be able to walk away for instance as these are just voluntary reflex actions. Milestones are how a baby grows and changes. Learning as the brain absorbs information. Every baby reaches certain milestones. Every child is different so they often do not do things at the same times as other babies do.
An example of a milestone could be teething and cutting the first tooth. Smiling, Laughing, Sitting Up supported or sitting up unaided. The first year is amazing for the baby firsts.
Premature baby development progress.
for instance, 6 weeks premature, 6 weeks delayed progress, 10 weeks born premature then 10 weeks delayed, etc. In fact by the age of 3, your child will have caught up to that of an average 3-year-old. Only when your child is discharged from the special care baby unit will you find out if your child needs physiotherapy or has specific special needs and then this will determine further outside help from other agencies to help with your baby's progress other than that you are capable of doing this yourself at home.
You don't have to worry about buying any special equipment if your baby came out of the hospital not needing any specialist support, but for your peace of mind, you can gently encourage your baby to reach each milestone with some extra care, and with no pressure playtimes that will strengthen each of your baby's body parts and encourage full sensory development.
Here are the areas that any child will need encouragement in and stimulation to be able to reach each milestone at their own pace.
SENSORY 5 AREAS...TOUCH,TASTE,HEARING,SEEING,SMELL.
1.Encourage sensory hearing, Seeing, touching from day 1 onwards by mummy, daddy being around to give baby affection and stimulation, baby learning smells around the home ie mummy breastfeeding learning to smell mummy's milk or daddy giving baby cuddle, up close baby smelling aftershave on daddy's skin, etc musical toys placed within hearing shot of baby, singing lullabies and making soft sounds baby can listen to.
2. Encourage your premature baby to lie on a soft thick blanket on the floor or on a play mat under a play gym looking at the colours of the toys learning to reach and touch the toys, placing large teddy bears around the baby so baby can gently feel the fur texture, grasping, reaching and so on.
3. Giving baby lots of cuddles, hugs, forming positive bonding relationships between family members, giving lots of love, cuddles, playing with baby in a calm reassuring way so baby feels secure and safe with familiar adults will encourage baby to come on in heaps and bounds, left alone most of the time in a pram or cot to play alone is not good.
4. Lots of visits out socializing to the park playgroup with other babies listening to other babies babbling, mums chattering will encourage baby to develop other scenes such as hearing and sight going out and about in the pram watching, listening to every day sounds such as car engines, birds tweeting in the park, learning to be around other adults and children in a positive way and meeting other babies such as visiting sure start programmes.
5.Putting toys around the baby on a play blanket with help develop good muscle tones needed to help with crawling shuffling and standing up with the furniture. when able to sit up that encourages baby to think for self problem solving hiding a ball under a blanket and baby finds it of using a shape sorter or reaching out and encouraging baby to feel comfortable lying on his or her tummy to reach for a toy they want or in a prone position ready to learn to crawl or rollover.
6.Encouraging baby to talk and making the first sounds for baby to respond to. Hold baby up to your face make ohh ahhhs bababa sounds and the baby can also feel the vibrations on the face. encouraging communication between other adults, brothers and sisters, reading stories together developing an interest in books from an early age, Singing nursery rhymes together.