neonatal nurse care for premature babies
In depth look at baby in the Neonatal-intensive-care units.
When a new baby enters the world, many body systems change dramatically from the way they functioned during inside the womb:
The lungs must breathe air.
The cardiac and pulmonary circulation changes.
The digestive system must begin to process food and excrete waste.
The kidneys must begin working to balance fluids and chemicals in the body and excrete waste.
The liver and immunologic systems must begin functioning independently.
In the case of a baby born premature before 37 weeks some of these bodily functions are not mature enough to be able cope outside the womb, so assistance is needed until the baby reaches the gestation period of full term.( when these would have normally been fully developed ).Occasionally during a routine scan the scan is so precise it can even pick up a kidney slightly blocked which could later develop into kidney infections or birth defects, or abnormalities such as a cleft lip or palate.
These premature babies who need regularly monitoring or surgery shortly after birth could need specialist help and that's where the neonatal intensive care units comes in to play.
The word Neonatal refers to the first 28 days of newborn baby life. A Neonatal nurse is a sub-speciality of nursing that provides service and support for the parents to take care of the baby. However, most neonatal nurses take care of the newborn baby from the time of birth until they are discharged from the hospital.
The Neonatal nurse provides regular care for your newborn baby. She tells you how to feed, the perfect time to feed your baby, and how to take care of the infant.
Some nurses have more experience and highly trained, called nurse consultants or advanced neonatal nurse practitioners (ANNPs). They can supervise teams of junior doctors and often perform the same duties as doctors.
The charge or matron nurse coordinates your newborn baby's care.
You can talk immediately with the Neonatal nurse whenever you feel worried about your baby's condition.
The neonatal nurse helps you with breastfeeding and skin-to-skin care.
What Are The Responsibilities Of A Neonatal Nurse?
The responsibilities of the Neonatal nurse include attending to the baby's birth, measuring the weight of infants, care and monitoring the baby's health every time, and educating the new parents about how to breastfeeding and take care of the infant.
Primarily, Neonatal nurse's work with a newborn baby less than one-month-old however, they can also work with young children. They help to transferred many baby patients to the NICU due to significant medical conditions or premature birth.
What is the Neonatal Unit?
A neonatal unit is an infant care unit which is known as an intensive care nursery. This unit is specially designed to take care of premature or ill newborn babies.
How Many Neonatal Units Are There In The UK?
About 200 neonatal units are available throughout the U.K. These units are three types and have different capabilities, such as level 3 neonatal unit for the newborn intensive care and NICU unit for complex care.
What Is A Level 1 Neonatal Unit?
This unit is specific for babies who are born at 40 weeks or born at 35 to 37 weeks and above, considered to be low risk. In this nursery, a health care team provides full take care of infants.
What is a Level 2 Neonatal Unit?
A level 2 neonatal unit is specific for premature babies (babies born at 32 weeks) or babies who are born on time but require intravenous antibiotics or close monitoring after birth.
What Is A Level 3 Neonatal Unit?
Level 3 Neonatal unit is called NICU. In this nursery, premature babies are kept who weigh less than 1,500 grams. Besides, babies of any weight or age who are seriously ill, have breathed problems, or need surgery are kept in level 3 neonatal unit until they recover.
The neonatal unit has different staff that takes care of your newborn baby and supports both you and your family. Different health professionals and neonatal nurses work as team members in the neonatal unit to look after premature or sick newborn babies.