Retinopathy of Prematurity in preterm babies born premature
this condition also known as ROP effect the eyes of premature babies. It can be mild or aggressive. Retinopathy is on the increase due to very low birth weight babies surviving.it can cause blindness. premature babies eyes are checked in hospital whilst they are in the Nicu care to see if they have the condition at regular intervals and the severity can be used in a 1-5 scaling process to determine the severity of it if its present at all.it effects the blood vessels in the eyes they don't develop properly due to babies being born premature. laser surgery can be performed on premature babies eyes. some premature infants may wear glasses afterwards long term.
With over 60 percent of premature babies in the uk weighing less than 1251 grams these babies with have ROP.approx 94% will not need treatment.stage 4 and 5 the most advanced stage of retinopathy are rare now campared to year pre 2000's. this is because it is caught early and treatment given.
to check the eyes of a premature baby the ophthalmologist will put two lots of drops in the babies eyes one will numb the eyes so there is no pain the next drops widen the pupils to get a good look at the back of the eye, with a special lens and a torch light.If a premature baby has stage 3 4 or 5 laser therapy or cryotherapy is used to treat this condition. in severe cases the stage 5 baby could also have surgery to have the detached retina stitched back in place.
what does the future hold for babies with severe cases or ROP?
Doctors don't always know what the future is for these babies with severe cases of ROP except for wearing glasses some sight may be lost as the central vision could be threatened.
can a pregnant mum develop the condition of ROP whilst carrying a baby ?
No unless she has type 1 diabetes and the blood sugar levels arn't controlled and mum to be fails to see a midwife or refuses to attend hospital to keep it under control. a women with gestational diabetes is also at risk and the baby is too.if mum to be smokes heavily it puts the baby at risk to get ROP, and if she has high blood pressure too.
being diabetic and the threat of ROP retinopathy to anyone with diabetes
if you are diabetic you are at risk of having this condition yourself especially adults who do not keep their blood sugar levels down. between 4 and 7 is normal.How does it effect an adult ? Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that occurs in people who have diabetes. It causes progressive damage to the retina, the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye. Diabetic retinopathy is a serious sight-threatening complication of diabetes.
people with type 2 diabetes as well as type 1 are at risk. with type to if you eat a low carb diet cut out sugars you can avoid having medication to treat the diabetes. You will have an annual review at a diabetic nurse, a feet clinic and eye clinic once a year. you will have drops put in your eyes one set to numb the eye then another drop to widen the pupil. then the consultant will use a special lens to check for any eye damage due to ROP.if your sugars have been kept low between 4-7 then you wont have a high risk of getting it when you attend this appointment.its Important to eat well and keep your diabetes under control. if you ignore advice and keep eating sugars sugary sweets cakes high in sugar then you are at risk of losing your sight.