In depth look at baby in the Neonatal-intensive-care units.
When a new baby enters the world, many body systems change dramatically from the way they functioned during inside the womb:
- The lungs must breathe air.
- The cardiac and pulmonary circulation changes.
- The digestive system must begin to process food and excrete waste.
- The kidneys must begin working to balance fluids and chemicals in the body and excrete waste.
The liver and immunologic systems must begin functioning independently.
In the case of a baby born premature before 37 weeks some of these bodily functions are not mature enough to be able cope outside the womb,so assistance is needed until the baby reaches the gestation period of full term.( when these would have normally been fully developed ).Occassionaly during a routine scan the scan is so presise it can even pick up a kidney slightly blocked which could later develop into kidney infections or birth defects,or abnormalities such as a cleft lip or palate.
These babies who need regulary monitoring or surgery shortly after birth could need specilaist help and thats where the neonatal intensive care units comes in to play.